INSTITUTE OF HISTORICAL RESEARCH (IHR/NHRF) > Section of Byzantine Research (SBR)

Programmes

 


 

Archival, Diplomatic and Paleographic Research

An infrastructure program, aiming at locating and revealing unknown primary historical material. The program focuses on Byzantine and post-Byzantine archives and manuscript collections located mainly in the great monastic centers of Greece, such as Mount Athos and Patmos, as well as other minor collections. The main research objectives of the program are:

  • The reconstitution and classification of archives, and the reconstruction of collections of Greek manuscripts.
  • The edition and publication of archival entities and manuscript catalogs, as well as the compositional study of newly-found material.
  • The diffusion of the fruits of research among members of the academic community through the organization and development of open-access databases, publications, and conferences.

The quest for, and the participation in the creation of new cutting-edge technology in the fields of Diplomatics and Paleography.

History

Locating and researching unknown historical sources (archival and philological) has always been one of the main objectives of the Institute since its foundation in 1959. Byzantine archives and manuscript libraries of Mount Athos and the monastery of Saint John the Theologian of Patmos were chosen as research fields par excellence. From 1980, research –especially on Mount Athos– included post-Byzantine archives.
The assessment of the voluminous material (documents and manuscripts) gathered from years-old field research led to the development and use of new methodological and technological tools.

Until now, the Program has achieved the publication of twenty independent volumes (see Publications), a multitude of articles and papers in international conferences by its members, as well as two databases (see Databases). It has also organized six international conferences, and three international workshops focusing on the development and use of new technologies, and the implementation of new methodological tools in paleographic and diplomatic research.

 

Conferences

  • International Symposium: “Mount Athos from the Byzantine to the Ottoman Reality: 14th-16th c.”, Athens, 17 October 1995.
  • International Symposium: “The Greek Script in the 15th and 16th Centuries”, Athens, 18-20 October 1996.
  • International Symposium: “The Monastery of Vatopedi. History and Art”, Athens (The Athens Concert Hall), 29 November-1 December 1996.
  • International Symposium: “The Xenophontos Monastery; a Thousand Years of History”, Athens, 27-28 November 1998.
  • International Symposium of Hagiography: “The Heroes of the Orthodox Church. The New Saints, 8th-16th c.”, Athens, 25-28 November 1996.
  • 6th International Symposium: “Mount Athos in the 15th and 16th Centuries“, Thessaloniki, 22-24 November 2011 (in collaboration with the Mount Athos Center).

 

Workshops

  • Workshop in the framework of the program “Rinascimento virtuale. Digitale Palimpsestforschung”: “The World of Palimpsests in the Libraries of Greece, the Monasteries and the Patriarcates of the Orthodox Levant”, Athens, 7-11 May 2003.
  • Workshop in the framework of the program COMSt (Comparative Oriental Manuscripts Studies), Research Team 2 (Philology-Critical Text Editing): "Specific Issues in Oriental Philology", Athens, 8-9 December 2011.
  • Workshop in the framework of the program COMSt (Comparative Oriental Manuscripts Studies), Research Team 4 (Cataloguing): "Towards a final version of the chapter on cataloguing", Athens, 6-7 June 2013.



Programme Staff

Coordinator: Kriton Chryssochoidis (Research Director)
Members: Maria Gerolymatou (Senior Researcher), Eleonora Kountoura-Galaki (Senior Researcher), Zisis Melissakis (Senior Researcher)

 

Projects

I. COLLECTIVE PROJECTS

A. ARCHIVES AND MANUSCRIPTS OF MOUNT ATHOS
K. Chryssochoidis, Z. Melissakis

The project’s objectives are: i) Collection, classification, cataloguing, microfilm recording and publication of extensive summaries (regestes) of the post-Byzantine documents from Athonite archives. ii) The systematic research of manuscript collections from Athonite archives (e.g. new catalogs of manuscripts, reconstitution of the history of Athonite libraries) iii) Publication of articles and monographs based on Athonite material.
For the implementation of the project a supporting network has been created with universities, research centers and individual researchers in Greece and abroad.

1. ARCHIVES OF MOUNT ATHOS

  • Archive of Philotheou Monastery. Regestes of Byzantine and post-Byzantine documents
    Nicholas Melvani

    Edition –as extended summaries– of the Byzantine and post-Byzantine documents from the archive of Philotheou monastery.

  • Archive of Karakallou Monastery. Regestes of Byzantine and post-Byzantine documents.
    Dimitrios Kalpakis

    New edition of extensive summaries of Byzantine and post-Byzantine documents from the archive of Karakallou monastery.

  • Archive of Iviron Monastery. Regestes of post-Byzantine documents.
    Kriton Chryssochoidis

    Edition –as extended summaries– of the post-Byzantine documents from the archive of Iviron monastery.

 

2. LIBRARIES OF MOUNT ATHOS

  • Catalog of Manuscripts of Iviron Monastery (codd. 328-400)
    Zisis Melissakis

    The project’s objective is the extensive description of codd. 328-400 of Iviron monastery. The catalog to be published will form the 4th volume of the series of new catalogs of the monastery’s manuscripts, of which only the first and eleventh have been published until today.

  • Catalog of Greek and Latin early printed books of Iviron monastery (15th -16th c.)
    Zisis Melissakis

    The project forms part of the wider program for the cataloging of early printed books (15th – 19th c.) of Iviron monastery, and aims at describing ca.1000 Greek and Latin volumes dating to the 15th and 16th centuries (under the supervision of T. Sklavenitis). The publication of the catalog, which will include all historical notes found within the volumes, will offer valuable information on the formation of Athonite libraries and the history of the Greek printed book.

  • History of Athonite libraries
    Zisis Melissakis

    The project consists of studies on the formation and development of the Athonite collections of manuscript and printed books. Research focuses on specific issues, such as book-bindings, notes, travelers’ accounts, and the usage of material scattered around libraries outside Mount Athos.

 

3. ΜONASTERY OF SAINT JOHN THE THEOLOGIAN, PATHMOS

The project’s objectives are: i) the edition of the new catalog of manuscripts (Patmiake Bibliotheke or New Catalog of the manuscript books of the holy monastery of saint John the Theologian of Patmos), initially as an online database. ii) the continuation of the edition of the monastery’s Byzantine documents.

K. Chryssochoidis, M. Gerolymatou, Z. Melissakis

 

  • LIBRARY

    Patmiake Bibliotheke or New Catalog of the manuscript books of the holy monastery of saint John the Theologian of Patmos
    Zisis Melissakis
    Participating in the project are S. Paschalidis (University of Thessaloniki), D. Kalamakis (University of Athens), D. Stratigopoulos (University of Thrace), as well as N. Livanos and N. Melvani.

    An interactive online open-access database, to which will be added photographs and detailed descriptions of codd. 102-201, 335-471 and 514-578 of Patmos monastery. The project is funded by the National Informatics Research and Technology System (EPSET), and is implemented in collaboration with NDC/NHRF. The initial stage will provide for the descriptions of 100 selected manuscripts, while upon completion of the project, printed catalogs will follow.  
  • ARCHIVE

    Byzantine Documents of Patmos monastery. v.3. The Patriarchal documents.
    Maria Gerolymatou
    Diplomatic annotated edition of the Byzantine and early post-Byzantine patriarchal documents of the monastery of Saint John the Theologian of Patmos (11th – early 16th c.). The edition is added to the series Byzantine Documents of Patmos Monastery, which also comprises the edition of imperial and civil administrators documents.

 

4. HAGIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE BYZANTINE PERIOD (1204-1453)
Eleonora Kountoura-Galake

The project’s objective is the research of hagiography during the last historical period of Byzantium 1204-1453, which was characterized by a vivid flourishment in the composition of new, or the elaboration of older, hagiographical texts.
Other objectives are: i) the enhancement and enrichment of the open-access and multi-searchable database, comprising the hagiographical works of the late Byzantine period. It can now be accessed over the internet. (see Databases http://byzhadb.eie.gr). ii) the publication of studies on the hagiography of the late Byzantine period. iii) the training of junior researchers on approaching Byzantine hagiographical literature through modern technology.
The project runs with a network of collaborators from: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, the University of the Peloponnese, the Cyprus Open University, the University “La Sapienza” (Roma) and the Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Wien).

  • Post-doctoral research “Female Monasticism in Late Byzantium (1204-1453)”
    Aikaterini Mitsiou
    The research is funded by the Horizontal Act “Support of post-doctoral researchers” of the Program “Education and life-long learning” (ESPA).

  • Saint Theodosia in the sources of middle and late Byzantium: a reading of political Orthodoxy
    Eleonora Kountoura-Galake
    A monography studying the tradition of the cult of saint Theodosia and its impact on Byzantine political ideology during the middle and late Byzantine period.
  • Organization of international workshop titled: “Women and Monasticism in the Late Medieval Eastern Mediterranean”, November 2014 in the framework of the Project “Female Monasticism in Late Byzantium (1204-1453)”.

 

II. Individual Research Projects

  • Catalog of early printed books of the Municipal Library of Tyrnavos, (National Hellenic Research Foundation, Institute of Historical Research, Tetradia Ergasias), Athens 2013 (under publication)
    Zisis Melissakis

    This project offers a catalog of the collection of early printed books of the Municipal Library of Tyrnavos, the catalog of manuscripts of which has already been published (see publications). The two catalogs offer valuable information on the history of both the library and the city of Tyrnavos, as well as Thessaly in general.  

  • History of the South-Eastern Aegean during late Byzantium
    Maria Gerolymatou
    Monograph

  • «Kyrtou Plegmata – Convex Grids. Networks of economy, power and knowledge in the Hellenic space from prehistorical years until the modern age: analytic documentation - interpretive mapping - synthetic approaches”. A collective research program of the Institute. Projects our program participants are involved in: 
    • “Networks of salt-pits in the Mediterranean from Antiquity to the modern era”. Maria Gerolymatou, Panayotis Mihailaris, Evangelia Balta, Angeliki Panopoulou, Kostas Tsiknakis.
    • “Networks of merchants in the early modern period (9th-15th c.): The Greek-speaking merchants of the southern Balkans, Asia Minor and the islands”, Maria Gerolymatou
    • “Networks of imperial donations, 4th-12th c.”,V. Vlysidou, M. Gerolymatou, G. Kardaras, S. Lampakis, G. Merianos
    • “Cult and Economy: The financial networks of Mount Athos (10th – 18th c.) Z. Melissakis, N. Tsironi, K. Chryssochoidis
    • “The Diffusion of Greek manuscripts of Mount Athos: Networks of manuscript distribution from the Athonite monasteries to the Near East and the West” Z. Melissakis
    • “Routes of late-Byzantine saints: Networks of cult and geography”,E. Kountoura-Galake
    • The Documents of the Monastery of Theotokos Lemviotissa
      Paris Gounaridis
      Diplomatic annotated edition of the documents from the Byzantine monastery of Theotokos Lemviotissa (Smyrne).

     

Publications

A. Athonika Symmeikta

  • K. Chryssochoidis, P. Gounaridis, D. Vamvakas, Catalogues of Archives: I. Monastery of Karakallou; II. Monastery of Simonos Petras [Athonika Symmeikta 1], Athens 1985.
  • Ch. Gasparis, Archives of Protaton. Summaries of Post-Byzantine Documents [Athonika Symmeikta 2], Athens 1991.
  • P. Gounaridis, Archives of the Monastery of Xeropotamos. Summaries of Post-Byzantine Documents [Athonika Symmeikta 3], Athens 1993.
  • Mount Athos in the 14th-16th centuries [Athonika Symmeikta 4], Athens 1997.
  • A. Pardos, Archives of the Monastery of Pantocrator. Summaries of the Documents 1039-1801, Part A [Athonika Symmeikta 5], Athens 1998.
  • D. Papachryssanthou, The Administration of Mount Athos (1600-1927). A brief Historical Survey [Athonika Symmeikta 6], Athens 1999.
  • The Monastery of Vatopedi. History and Art [Athonika Symmeikta 7], Athens 1999.
  • A. Giannakopoulos, Archives of the Monastery of Stavronikita. Summaries of the Documents 1533-1800 [Athonika Symmeikta 8], Athens 2001.
  • V. I. Anastasiadis, Archives of the Monastery of Hilandar. Summaries of Post-Byzantine Documents [Athonika Symmeikta 9], Athens 2002.
  • Athos. La Sainte Montagne. Tradition et renouveau dans l’art. ed. G. Galavaris [Athonika Symmeikta 10], Athens 2007.
  • Z. Melissakis, Archives of the Monastery of Esphigmenou. Summaries of Post-Byzantine Documents [Athonika Symmeikta 11], Athens 2008.
  • Ph. Kotzageorgis Archives of the Monastery of Saint Paul. Summaries of Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Documents [Athonika Symmeikta 12], Athens 2010.
  • E. Zachariadou, Ten Turkish Documents concerning the Great Church (1483-1567) [Sources 2], Athens 1996.
  • The Greek Script in the 15th and 16th Centuries [Proceedings 7], Athens 2000.
  • The Heroes of the Orthodox Church. The New Saints, 8th-16th c. Proceedings of the International Symposium ed. E. Kountoura-Galake [Proceedings 15], Athens 2004.
  • Z. Melissakis, Catalogue of Manuscripts of the Tyrnavos Municipal Library [Sources 8], Athens 2007.
  • A. Luttrell and Elizabeth Zachariadou, Sources for Turkish History in the Hospitallers’ Rhodian Archive [Sources 14], Athens 2007.
  • Monastic Archives. Documents of Mount Athos and Patmos. Digitized Collections. Programme Information Society, Project Pandektis, Digital Treasure of Primary Sources of Greek History and Civilization, IGRA, IBR, INR and NDC/NHRF, Athens 2007.
  • M. Gerolymatou, Markets Merchants and Trade in Byzantium (9th-12th c.) [Monographs 9], Athens 2008.
  • N. Vatin, G. Veinstein, E. Zachariadou, Catalogue du fonds ottoman des Archives du Monastère de Saint-Jean à Patmos. Les vingt-deux premiers dossiers, [Πηγές 15], Αθήνα 2011.

 

B. Other Publications

  • E. Zachariadou, Ten Turkish Documents concerning the Great Church (1483-1567) [Sources 2], Athens 1996.
  • The Greek Script in the 15th and 16th Centuries [Proceedings 7], Athens 2000.
  • The Heroes of the Orthodox Church. The New Saints, 8th-16th c. Proceedings of the International Symposium ed. E. Kountoura-Galake [Proceedings 15], Athens 2004.
  • Z. Melissakis, Catalogue of Manuscripts of the Tyrnavos Municipal Library [Sources 8], Athens 2007.
  • A. Luttrell and Elizabeth Zachariadou, Sources for Turkish History in the Hospitallers’ Rhodian Archive [Sources 14], Athens 2007.
  • Monastic Archives. Documents of Mount Athos and Patmos. Digitized Collections. Programme Information Society, Project Pandektis, Digital Treasure of Primary Sources of Greek History and Civilization, IGRA, IBR, INR and NDC/NHRF, Athens 2007.
  • M. Gerolymatou, Markets Merchants and Trade in Byzantium (9th-12th c.) [Monographs 9], Athens 2008.
  • N. Vatin, G. Veinstein, E. Zachariadou, Catalogue du fonds ottoman des Archives du Monastère de Saint-Jean à Patmos. Les vingt-deux premiers dossiers, [Πηγές 15], Αθήνα 2011.

 

Parthnerships

  • Comparative Oriental Manuscript Studies (COMSt)
    Zisis Melissakis

    A multi-national European program of the European Science Foundation with the participation of researchers from 13 countries. Its goal is to form a network of partnerships on the comparative study of manuscripts in eastern scripts, among which Greek. Its actions are distributed among five research groups with specific fields of study (Codicology, Philology, Digital applications in the study of manuscripts, Cataloging, Manuscript conservation) and include the organization of at least five workshops per year, and the publication of a collective volume, which will describe the current status of research on each field. The IHR represents Greece in the program’s Steering Committee, and coordinates Greece’s participation in the program.

  • Diktyon. Réseau numérique pour les manuscrits grecs
    Zisis Melissakis

    An international partnership, initiative of the Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes/CNRS for the creation of a network of databases concerning Greek manuscripts. Its participants represent a large number of universities and research centers, and the goal is to inter-connect their databases. From Greece, the IHR is the sole participant in Greece with the following databases: 1) Manuscripts of Patmos (under construction) and 2) Hagiography of the Late Byzantine Period (1204-14543)» (Visit the site).

 

Databases

  • Digital Treasure of Greek History and Civilization “Pandektis”
    (Visit the site)
    Kriton Chryssochoidis, Zisis Melissakis
    Research assistants: N. Livanos, N. Melvani, E. Sermetziadi, R. Tsakiri, A. Tselikas

    Online database with various categories of contents covering all phases of Greek History, with 5000 Byzantine and post-Byzantine documents from the monasteries of Mount Athos and Patmos, together with extensive summaries and their relevant documentation.

  • Hagiography of the Late Byzantine Period (1204-1453)
    http://byzhadb.eie.gr
    Eleonora Kountoura-Galake

    An online open-access database currently comprising 90 hagiographical texts from the Late Byzantine Period(1204-1453). The database, apart from the full texts of the hagiographical works, is enriched with a wide field of metadata for each text (writer, date of composition, manuscripts, editions, etc), and is designed to support advanced search options.

 

Δύο έγγραφα του επί του κανικλείου που αναφέρονται στην ελεύθερη διακίνηση των πλοίων και στο σεβασμό άλλων δικαιωμάτων της Μονής του Αγίου Ιωάννου του Θεολόγου στην Πάτμο, Αύγουστος 1273 (Πρωτότυπο, Αρχείο Μ. Πάτμου)

[Φωτ.: "Οι Θησαυροί της Πάτμου", Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Αθήνα 1988, σ. 354, εικ. 14]

 

Έγγραφο του Πρώτου Δωροθέου και της Συνάξεως του Αγίου Όρους, με το οποίο παραχωρείται το κελλίο του Κωφού στις Καρυές στη Μονή Χιλανδαρίου,1 Οκτωβρίου 1364 (Πρωτότυπο, Αρχείο Μ. Χιλανδαρίου)

[Φωτ.: "Hilandar Monastery", Belgrade 1998, σ. 27]

Χρυσόβουλλο του Ανδρονίκου Β΄ Παλαιολόγου, με το οποίο επικυρώνονται προνόμια της Μονής Χιλανδαρίου, Ιανουάριος 1299, (Πρωτότυπο, Αρχείο Μ. Χιλανδαρίου)



[Φωτ.: "Hilandar Monastery", Belgrade 1998, σ. 57]

Χρυσόβουλλο του συναυτοκράτορα Μιχαήλ Θ΄ Παλαιολόγου, με το οποίο επικυρώνεται η κατοχή από τη μονή Χιλανδαρίου του χωριού Καστρί κοντά στο Στρυμώνα, Ιούνιος 1300 (Πρωτότυπο, Αρχείο Μ. Χιλανδαρίου)

[Φωτ.: "Hilandar Monastery", Belgrade 1998, σ. 59]


 
 

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