Alexandra Sfoini was born in Athens in 1958. She graduated from the University of Athens, Faculty of Philosophy, Department of History and Archaeology (1981). Thanks to a scholarship of Saripolos Foundation, she continued her post-graduate studies in Paris (Paris I - Pantheon - Sorbonne) and obtained a Doctorate in Modern Greek history (1991). She obtained also the Diploma of Turkish language and literature from the Institut des Langues Orientales (INALCO), Departement Proche et Moyen Orient (1987).
Sfoini taught in the University of Ankara (1992) and in the Greek Secondary Education (1993-1996). During 1991-1996 she collaborated with the Institute of Neohellenic Research of the National Research Foundation (INR/NHRF) in the programme "Language Learning and cross-cultural contacts: Greece between Europe and the Eastern World (15th -19th centuries)" under project contract and on detachment. Since 1997 she has been working as a researcher at the INR/NHRF. She is currently Research Associate at the Institute of Historical Research, Department of Neohellenic Research, Section "Cultural History", Programme "Literary History (15th-20th centuries)".
Sfoini has participated in research projects related to the making of data bases of Neohellenic translations (15th-19th centuries), has collaborated with research groups studying the history of Samos island and is in charge of the research project "Language learning, translations, concepts, 15th-20th centuries". Being member of various scholarly societies, she has participated in Greek and international academic congresses and organized scientific meetings. She has also published and edited books, and written articles for academic journals on social and cultural history, the history of ideologies and mentalities, acculturation and cultural transfers from East and West in Greek lands in modern times.