Cultural History

Economic and Social History

Political History


Contemporary Political History

Programme objectives

The systematic collection of documentation material dealing with the modern and contemporary political and social history, as well as the historical study of periods, events and individual phenomena and issues.


Main Aims

To create comprehensive and scientifically exploitable data banks on the above mentioned issues.
To produce new knowledge based on a critical reassessment of the historical sources and questions.
To supply the academic community with reliable research infrastructure and to train students and young researchers on the fields of contemporary and recent political and social history.



The programme started in 2001, initially as a personal research in the Historical Archive of Greek Youth (I.A.E.N.) entitled "Documenting the events of November 1973". The publication of the first results in 2003 and 2004, concerning the victims of the Polytechnic Uprising against the Greek military regime (1973), was adopted by the specialized literature as the most valid scientific approach to that delicate issue.
Then the scope of the investigation expanded and evolved into an independent Research Project, entitled "Documenting the Political and Social History of the 20th Century", in the context of the enlargement of the research interests of the Institute to more contemporary topics.

Since 2006, it was established a particular Research Section of Political and Social History, oriented in the documentation and study of those issues, with emphasis on modern and contemporary era, which was renamed in 2008 to Research Section of Contemporary Political History.
In its current form, the Programme includes a series of particular research projects described below.



Leonidas Kallivretakis, Research Director
Marios Hatzopoulos, External Collaborating Researcher
Katerina Dede, Technical Research Assistant
George Gasias, External Research Fellow
Stefanos Vamiedakis, External Research Fellow


Ongoing Projects

  • Research Project “Aspects of the Dictatorship 1967-1974”

The aim of this project is to achieve a truly holistic approach to the study of the military dictatorship of 1967–1974 and its impact on contemporary Greek society, by dealing with all aspects of that era (political, social, economic and cultural), attempting to professionalize the study of that period, by dealing with it in historical terms and creating the research infrastructure required to interpret it scientifically.
Within this Project is provided also the completion of the earlier research "Documenting the events of November 1973".
Research Director: Leonidas Kallivretakis

  • Research Project “Documenting the Political History”

This project aims to study the history of political formations and personnel in Greece, during the 19th and 20th century. In its current stage, the research focuses on the creation of a digitalized biographical lexicon on the Greek parliamentary personnel.
Research Director: Leonidas Kallivretakis
Participation: Katerina Dede, Technical Research Assistant

  • Research Project “History of Political Ideas”

This Project examines the evolution and fluctuations of political ideas in Greek society from the era of Enlightenment up to the time Greece joined the European Union. The Project is interested in the transfer of modern political ideas to Greece, as well as the interactions and osmosis with the substratum of indigenous political traditions and practices, aiming at a deeper understanding and study of the opposing complexes produced, as well as the hybrid forms created by this interaction. The research, in its current stage, focuses on the formulation of political thought during the second half of the 19th century.

Programme director: Leonidas Kallivretakis, Research Director
Researchers: Marios Hatzopoulos, Junior Research Associate
Paschalis Kitromilides, Guest Research Associate
Markos Karasarinis, Guest Research Associate



A. Monographs, Book Chapter & Articles

  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, Η Μάχη της Κρήτης[“The Battle of Crete”], Athens 2007, 162 p.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, Ο εμφύλιος πόλεμος σε α΄ενικό: Ο θάνατος ενός ταξίαρχου [The civil war in the first person: The death of a brigadier], Athens 2011, 160 p.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Πολυτεχνείο 1973 - Το ζήτημα των θυμάτων: νεκροί και τραυματίες” [“Polytechnic School 1973: The question of the victims: dead and injured”], in Πολυτεχνείο ’73- Ρεπορτάζ με την Ιστορία, Philippotis publish., Athens 2004, v. II, pp. 38-55.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Γεώργιος Παπαδόπουλος Τάγματα Ασφαλείας και «Χ»-Μια απόπειρα συγκέντρωσης και επανεκτίμησης του παλαιότερου και νεότερου τεκμηριωτικού υλικού” [“Georgios Papadopoulos, Security Battalions and «Χ»-A try to collect and re-evaluate  the older and recent documentation material”], Αρχειοτάξιο vol. 8 (2006), pp. 109-147.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Το «σαμποτάζ» του Έβρου χωρίς ζάχαρη: Μια απόπειρα αναψηλάφησης” [“The Evros' «sabotage» minus the sugar: An attempt of reinvestigation”], Αρχειοτάξιο vol. 12 (2010), pp. 132-160.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Οι γνωστοί «άγνωστοι» Απριλιανοί συνωμότες” & “Η ομάδα Παπαδόπουλου στην τελική ευθεία προς την εξουσία (1966-1967)” [“The known «unknown» April conspirators” & “The Papadopoulos group's rise to power”], Έξι στιγμές του εικοστού αιώνα: Η στρατιωτική δικτατορία 1967-1974, Athens 2010, pp. 23-50, 59-84.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Χούντα: σημαίνον και σημαινόμενα – Οι περιπέτειες μιας λέξης” [Junta: signifier and signified – The adventures of a word], Αρχειοτάξιο, vol. 15 (2013), pp. 109-132.
  • Marios Hatzopoulos, “Receiving Byzantium in Early Modern Greece (1820s – 1840s)”, Olivier Delouis – Petre Guran (επιμ.), Héritages de Byzance dans l’Europe du Sud-Est aux époques moderne et contemporaine (serie: Mondes méditerranéens et balkaniques), École Française d’Athènes, Athens 2013, pp. 217-227.
  • Marios Hatzopoulos, “Oracular Prophecy and the Politics of Toppling Ottoman Rule in South-East Europe”, The Historical Review / La Revue Historique VIII (2011), pp. 95-116.
  • Marios Hatzopoulos, “From Resurrection to Insurrection: ‘sacred’ myths, motifs, and symbols in the Greek War of Independence”, Roderick Beaton & David Ricks (επιμ.), The Making of Modern Greece: Nationalism, Romanticism and the Uses of the Past (1797-1896), Ashgate, London 2009, pp. 81-93.
  • Katerina Dede, “Ελλάς Ελλήνων -και όχι μόνον- Γελοιογράφων: Γελοιογραφίες στον αντιδικτατορικό Τύπο του εξωτερικού” [Greece of Greek –and not only- Cartoonists: Cartoons in the anti-dictatorial Press abroad], Αρχειοτάξιο 8 (2006), pp. 6-12.
  • Katerina Dede, “Μετεμφυλιακές πραγματικότητες: οι δρόμοι της Αριστεράς, 1950-1967. Μία έκθεση” [Post-Civil War realities: The roads of the Left, 1950-1967 – An exhibition], Αρχειοτάξιο 10 (2008), pp. 236-237.
  • Katerina Dede, “Ο ‘Μαύρος Καβαλάρης-Οι βιογραφίες του Νικόλαου Πλαστήρα” [“The ‘Black Rider’-The biographies of Nicolaos Plastiras”], in Katerina Dede – Dimitris Dimitropoulos (eds), Η ματιά των άλλων: Προσλήψεις προσώπων που σφράγισαν τρεις αιώνες (18ος-20ός), Athens, INR/NHRF, 2012, PP. 193-226.


B. Popularization articles

  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Το άρμα που έμεινε στην Ιστορία”, [“The armored tank that remained in history”], Καθημερινή, 17.11.1998.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Σαράντα χρόνια από τη γένεση του Κινήματος για την Ελεύθερη Έκφραση: Πανεπιστήμιο Berkeley, 1-2 Οκτωβρίου 1964”, [“Forty years since the birth of the Free Speech Movement: University of Berkeley, 1-2 October 1964”], Ταχυδρόμος240 (2004).
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “‘Απόψε θα γίνει Ταϊλάνδη’: Η ερμηνεία ενός ‘εξωτικού’ συνθήματος της εξέγερσης του Πολυτεχνείου”, [“‘Tonight it’ll become Thailand’: Interpretation of an ‘exotic’ slogan of the Athens Polytechnic uprising”], Ταχυδρόμος 246 (2004).
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Επταετία: Σοβαρό έλλειμμα στην ιστορική έρευνα” [“Seven-year dictatorship”: A serious gap in historical research”], Τα Νέα, 21.04.2007.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis-Maria Psara, “Οι νεκροί των γεγονότων του Νοεμβρίου 1973” [“The death toll of the November 1973 events”], Έθνος/Ιστορία (9) 14.11.2009.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis-Takis Kampylis, “Είκοσι τέσσερις φάκελοι, τεκμήριο του εγκλήματος” [“Twenty four case files: Evidence of the crime”], Καθημερινή 15.11.2009.
  • Leonidas Kallivretakis, “Το ‘Γενικό Λαϊκό Ιατρείο’ του Πολυτεχνείου (Νοέμβριος 1973)” [“The “People’s General Infirmary” of the Athens Polytechnic uprising (November 1973)”], Ενθέματα (759), 17.11. 2013.



  • Faculty of Political Science & Public Administration of the National & Kapodistrian University of Athens.
  • Faculty of History & Archaeology of the National & Kapodistrian University of Athens.
  • Department of Political Science & History of the Panteion University.
  • Department of History, Archaeology & Social Anthropology of the University of Thessaly.
  • Hellenic Parliament Foundation.
  • The Contemporary Social History Archives (ASKI).






  • Co-organization with ASKI of the exhibition “April 21, 1967- Forty Years After” and the corresponding symposium (NHRF, 20-24.4.2007).
  • Participation in the organization of the ASKI’s photographic exhibition “Post-Civil War realities: The roads of the Left, 1950-1967” (Panteion University, 26-30.3.2008).
  • Organization of the exhibition “Border Outposts in the Greek Heartland” and the corresponding workshop (NHRF, 1-10.12.2012).


Scientific Events

  • Organization of the scientific conference “April 21, 1967- Forty Years After” (NHRF, April 21-23, 2007).
  • Organization of the scientific symposium “From the 19th to the 20th century in the Greek political thought (NHRF, January 8, 2010).
  • Co-organization of the lecture series “Naval tales” (NHRF, May 4 – June 8, 2010).
  • Organization of the workshop “Military Dictatorship 1967-1974: New Approaches and Research Desiderata”, (Ermoupolis/Syros, July 6-7, 2012).
  • Organization of the workshop “Historical and field research of the Greek-Turkish borderline (1833-1912)” (NHRF, December 3, 2012).
  • Organization of the workshop “1950: Data and realities of the ‘silent’ decade”, (Ermoupolis/Syros, July 11-12, 2013).
  • Participation in the scientific conference organized by the Hellenic Parliament Foundation “Labrakis’ assassination: The historical debate 50 years after” (Hellenic Parliament, October 11, 2013).



  • Co-organization with ASKI, Athens University and Panteion University of the post-graduate academic seminary “Military Dictatorship 1967-1974: Factual evidence and alternative interpretations”, (Athens, Oct. 17, 2011- Jan. 25, 2012).
  • Co-organization with Athens University and Panteion University of the post-graduate academic seminary “Military Dictatorship 1967-1974: Documents and Interpretations”, (Athens, NHRF, Oct. 25, 2012- Jan. 31, 2013). 
  • Supervision of sixteen post-graduate academic memoirs prepared by students of Athens University and of Panteion University (2012-2013).
  • Three-month internships of six students of Athens University (2006-2013).


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