a) The history of the Western European states’ diplomatic and consular delegations in the wider Eastern Mediterranean where Greek-speaking Christians lived during the Ottoman period.
b) The documented detailed portrayal of the staff of these delegations, and especially of the ‘protégés’ —the Christian and Jewish Ottoman subjects who enjoyed the protection of the Western European states.
The project was initiated in 2011, and focuses on the systematic recording of the scattered archive material. This is put to use through the creation of databases and the elaboration of studies shedding light on the economic interrelations and cultural osmosis that developed in the Eastern Mediterranean via these diplomatic and consular networks between the 17th and 19th century.
1) Privateers, slave traders and consuls in the 17th-century Cyclades
Along with the consular correspondence, another type of archive material is preserved in the French diplomatic archives, the consulates’ ‘registres des actes de chancellerie’, a source which brings the everyday activities of a consulate and has been exploited only minimally to date. The ‘registres’ of the French consulate of Milos and Kimolos are among the oldest surviving documents of this kind, and they record the range of economic activities developed around priveteering in the Cyclades during the Veneto-Ottoman wars of the 17th century. This specific archive material has been indexed, and a monograph is in preparation.
2) Western Europeans in Thessaloniki during the 18th century
During the 18th century, following the installation of consuls, missionaries, and tradesmen from Western European states to Thessaloniki, a new quarter of the city develops near the harbor, the ‘Frankish’ quarter, around the Roman-Catholic church. By matching consular archives with parochial ledgers, a prosopographical database is enriched aiming at researching the institutional and economical development of this western-European community within the then largest ‘scale’ of south-eastern Europe.
a) With the Center For Ottoman Diplomatic History, for the publication of the correspondence of Alexandros Karatheodoris, the politician, diplomat and scholar, during the period in which he served as prince of Samos (1885-1894).
b) With the programme “Consoli” and the research team «Consuls et consulats italiens en Méditerranée (XVIIIe-XIXe s.)» of the École française de Rome and of the Centre de la Méditerranée Moderne et Contemporaine de Nice.